Connects Europe, Africa, and Asia, stretching about 2,500 miles from Spain and Morocco to the coasts of Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and southwestern Turkey at its eastern edge, with all of southern Europe and northern Africa in between.
Over 250 miles long and is the second-longest of Italys rivers. The ancient Romans founded the city on the hills, where it could easily be defended.
A large group of territories and people who are ruled by a single sovereign leader or nation. Throughout history countries or groups of people have built empires by using their military, or the threat of military power, to conquer other territories.
Run north to south along the length of the Italian peninsula. The _________ made it difficult for people to cross from one side of the peninsula to the other. These two mountain chains helped to protect Rome from outside attacks. The seven hills of Rome were also used to protect the city.
The general atmospheric conditions, or weather, of a particular location over a long period of time. The elements that make up weather are temperature, humidity, precipitation, air pressure, and wind. _____ affects many aspects of human habitats, including their shelter, clothing, diet, and ways of earning a living. With the technologies of heating and air conditioning, _____ does not affect people as much today as it did in the past.
The famous capital city in Italy, was founded in 753 BCE. Its origins are not precisely known, but the myth is told of twin brothers Romulus and Remus fighting, and Romulus starting the city. Despite obscure beginnings, _____ rose to become the capital of an entire empire comprising almost all of current-day Europe. Adding to its success are its geographical advantages, being near the Mediterranean Sea and protected by the Alps.
the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced.
A piece of land that is surrounded by water on three sides.
Founded in 509 BCE, the ancient Roman Republic unified Italy around its capital in Rome, establishing a form of representative government. The Roman Republic ended in 27 BCE with the rise to power of Augustus, the Roman Empires first emperor. At its greatest extent the Roman Empire ruled the Mediterranean world from Europe to North Africa to Macedonia and beyond. Roman armies kept conquered peoples in check, and Roman government, laws, and planning regulated the empire.
Located in southern and central Europe, the Alps mountain range stretches 750 miles, and covers more than 80,000 square miles. These tall, steep mountains separate different regions of Europe.