AP World History

Papyrus was expensive & only used by advanced students

Great builders, organizers, and most prosperous of 4 River Valley civs

c. 4000 BC Many small villages established along the Nile and civilization begins

Sails used to catch winds to return upstream

controlled the Nile by building dikes, reservoirs, and irrigation ditches.

c. 6500 BC – Probable start of agriculture in the Nile region

Eventually schools provided general education

The Nile served as a trade route connecting Egypt to Africa, the Middle East, and the Mediterranean world.

Nile River provided food, transportation, irrigation and fertilized the soil w/ predictible flooding

– Africa History for AP World History

Currents carried barges downstream to the delta

gods control nature, life and death

River provided fish and wildlife for food

Preserved the bodies of the dead through mummification

3 seasons, 30 days for 11 months, 35 for the 12

Major Accomplishments:united kingdoms along the Nile River, developed papyrus paper, hieroglyphs, Great Pryamids, conquered by Alexander the Great

Students took notes on scraps of pottery

traded to middle east, eastern Med. and east Africa

Deposited silt, replenishing the soil with nutrients

Natural barriers (seas and deserts) that protected Egypt

Until recent dams, flooded annually in July

Caused delta to form at the mouth of the river

Stable food production made Egypt stable and strong

Originates Central African highlands

Believed the earthly body and goods would be needed as a home for the soul

Longest river in the world at 4,160 miles

Greeks & Romans based much of their medical knowledge on that of the Egyptians

Settlements along thin stretch of Nile

Used to make paper, floors androofs for houses

Believed the good lived on in happiness

Egypt is wholly the gift of the Nile.

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