Bharata Khanda

Western parts of India were dominated by tribes who had a slightly different culture that was considered as non-Vedic by the mainstreamVedic cultureprevailed in theKuruand Panchala kingdoms. Similarly there were some tribes in the eastern regions of India, considered to be in this category. Tribes with non-Vedic culture specially those of barbaric nature were collectively termed asMlechha. Very little was mentioned in the ancientIndianliterature, about the kingdoms to the North, beyond theHimalayasChinawas mentioned as a kingdom known as Cina, often grouped withMlechchakingdoms.

Harshas Dynasty, c. 606 CE c. 647 CE

RamayanaofValmiki(English translation is available at

Maratha Empire, c. 1674 c. 1818 CE

Wikimedia Commons has media related to

All articles lacking in-text citations

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This page was last edited on 14 May 2018, at 03:20.

Tribes and kingdoms mentioned in the

All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English

(Learn how and when to remove these template messages)

Pages using div col with deprecated parameters

This article includes alist of references, but

Cleanup tagged articles without a reason field from November 2011

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

MahabharataofKrishna Dwaipayana Vyasa(English translation is available at

Tripartite Struggle, c. 760 c. 973 CE

The examples and perspective in this article

Articles that may contain original research from August 2015

Use Indian English from February 2016

To know about the mythological aspects of these exotic tribes seeHindu mythology. To know about the historical significance of these tribes see theExotic tribes of ancient India.

Delhi Sultanate, c. 1206 c. 1526 CE

Bengal Sultanate, c. 1342 c. 1576 CE

, Asian Educational Services,ISBN978-81-206-0386-8

may not represent aworldwide viewof the subject

Articles lacking in-text citations from October 2010

Satavahana Dynasty, c. 30 BCE c. 220 CE

(c. 9th to 3rd century BC). SeeHistory of Indiafor a conventionally historical overview, in particular the articles on the realms. republics and kingdoms of the earlierJanapadasc. (1200 to 600 BC), theMahajanapadasc. (600 to 300 BC) and theMiddle kingdoms of Indiafor c. (230 BC to 1200 AD).

Pleaseimprove itbyverifyingthe claims made and addinginline citations. Statements consisting only of original research should be removed.

The Great Rebellion, c. 1857 c. 1858 CE

Vedic Civilization, c. 1500 c. 500 BCE

The table lands and valleys of the greatHimalayanMountain Ranges, which were almost inaccessible to the people settled in theGangesSarasvati RiverandSindhuriver valleys, were inhabited by tribes who had very little interactions with the rest of the world. The domains of these tribes are listed below:

Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from November 2011

Dikshitar, Ramachandra (1993-01-01).

Maurya Dynasty, c. 322 c. 185 BCE

All articles needing additional references

Map showing the locations of Kingdoms mentioned in the Indian epics or Bharata Khanda.

A Journey from Madras Through the Countries of Mysore, Canara and Malabar, Volume 2

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

There was no border security for a kingdom and border disputes were very rare. One king might conduct a military campaign (often designated asDigvijayameaningvictory over all the directions) and defeat another king in a battle, lasting for a day. The defeated king would acknowledge the supremacy of the victorious king. The defeated king might sometimes be asked to give a tribute to the victorious king. Such tribute would be collected only once, not on a periodic basis. The defeated king, in most cases, would be free to rule his own kingdom, without maintaining any contact with the victorious king. There was no annexation of one kingdom by another. Often a military general conducted these campaigns on behalf of his king. A military campaign and tribute collection was often associated with a great sacrifice (likeRajasuyaorAshvamedha) conducted in the kingdom of the campaigning king. The defeated king also was invited to attend these sacrifice ceremonies, as a friend and ally.

Kingdom of Mysore, c. 1760 c. 1799 CE

Mughal Dynasty, c. 1526 c. 1540 CE

Text is available under the; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to theTerms of UseandPrivacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of theWikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Chalukya Dynasty, c. 543 c. 753 CE

to meet Wikipediasquality standards.

2nd Chalukya Dynasty, c. 973 c. 1187 CE

Bharata Khanda(orBharata Ksetra[1]) is a term used inHindu texts, including theVedas,Mahabharata,Ramayanaand thePuranic, to describe the geographic region that encompassed the modern countries ofAfghanistanBangladeshIndiaPakistanNepalBhutanMaldivesSri LankaandMyanmarthat is,South Asiaat the terms furthest extent. The historical context of theSanskrit epicsare theVedic period(1700-600 BC),Mahajanapadas(600 BC) and the subsequent formation of theMaurya Empire(322 BCE), the beginning of the golden age ofClassical Sanskrit literature.

Independent India, c. 1947 CE present

Often rivers formed the boundaries of two neighboring kingdoms, as was the case between the northern and southernPanchalaand between the western (Pandavas Kingdom) and eastern (Kauravas Kingdom)Kuru. Sometimes, large forests, which were larger than the kingdoms themselves, formed their boundaries as was the case of theNaimisha Forestbetween Panchala andKosalakingdoms. Mountain ranges like Himalaya, Vindhya and Sahya also formed their boundaries.

Articles needing cleanup from November 2011

needs additional citations forverification

Mughal Dynasty, c. 1556 c. 1857 CE

A journey from Madras through the countries of Mysore, Canara and Malabar, Volume 1

Indus Valley Civilization, c. 3300 c. 1700 BCE

All articles that may contain original research

A Journey from Madras Through the Countries of Mysore, Canara and Malabar, Volume 3

You mayimprove this article, discuss the issue on thetalk page, orcreate a new article, as appropriate.

Please helpimprove this articlebyadding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Karakota Dynasty, c. 724 c. 760 CE

Please help toimprovethis article byintroducingmore precise citations.

Post Indus Valley Period, c. 1700 c. 1500 BCE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Articles needing additional references from November 2011

Nocleanup reasonhas been specified. Please helpimprove this articleif you can.

Some kingdoms possessed a main city that served as its capital. For example, the capital of Pandavas Kingdom wasIndraprasthaand the Kauravas Kingdom wasHastinapuraAhichatrawas the capital of Northern Panchala whereasKampilyawas the capital of Southern Panchala.Kosala Kingdomhad its capital asAyodhya. Apart from the main city or capital, where the palace of the ruling king was situated, there were small towns and villages spread in a kingdom. Tax was collected by the officers appointed by the king from these villages and towns. What the king offered in return to these villages and towns was protection from the attack of other kings and robber tribes, as well as from invading foreign nomadic tribes. The king also enforced code and order in his kingdom by punishing the guilty.

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

In Hindu scriptures, Bharata Khanda is habitable world; the known land as experienced by the writers.[2][3][4]It is named after the legendary emperorBharata.

New kingdoms were formed when a major clan produced more than one King in a generation. TheKuru (kingdom)clan of Kings was very successful in governing throughout North India with their numerous kingdoms, which were formed after each successive generation. Similarly, theYadavaclan of kings formed numerous kingdoms in Central India.

Pandyan Dynasty, c. 1251 c. 1323 CE

Articles with multiple maintenance issues

This is a list of ancient kingdoms as reflected in the epic of the

Articles with limited geographic scope from February 2016

(Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Leave a Reply