History of alien abduction claims

The Biggest Secret: The Book that Will Change the World

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TheAntonio Vilas Boascase from Brazil (1957) and theHill abductionfrom the United States (1961) were the first cases ofUFO abductionto earn widespread attention.1Though these two cases are sometimes viewed as the earliest abduction narratives, skeptic Peter Rogerson2argues that this assertion is incorrect: the Hill and Boas abductions, he contends, were only the first canonical abduction cases, establishing a template that later abductees and researchers would refine, but rarely deviate from. Additionally, Rogerson notes purported abductions were cited contemporaneously at least as early as 1954, and that the growth of the abduction stories is a far more tangled affair than the entirely unpredisposed official history would have us believe. (The phrase entirely unpredisposed appeared in folklorist Thomas E. Bullards study of alien abduction; he argued that alien abductions as reported in the 1970s and 1980s had little precedent in folklore or fiction.)

Neither the contactees nor these early abduction accounts, however, saw much attention fromufology, then still largely reluctant to considerclose encountersof the third kind, where occupants of UFOs are allegedly interacted with.

InTales From The Time Loopand other works, Icke states that most organised religions, especiallyChristianityIslam, andJudaism, areIlluminaticreations designed to divide and conquer the human race through endless conflicts. In a similar vein, Icke believes racial and ethnic divisions are an illusion promoted by aliens, and that racism fuels the Illuminati agenda.

The Surprising Origin of Alien Abduction StoriesLiveScience.

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Matheson writes that if Jacobss credentials were impressive, then those ofHarvardpsychiatristJohn E. Mackmight seem impeccable in comparison. (Matheson, 251) Mack was a well known, highly esteemed psychiatrist, author of over 150 scientific articles and winner of thePulitzer Prizefor his biography ofT. E. Lawrence. Mack became interested in the phenomenon in the late 1980s, interviewing dozens of people, and eventually writing two books on the subject.

printed a story said to have occurred in 1921, when the anonymous writer was a child. The writer claimed to have been snatched by two tall men who wore helmets and diving suits and who took the boy to an oddly shaped tank before being released. Rogerson calls this story the earliest known abduction survivor report.

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Mack was somewhat more guarded in his investigations and interpretations of the abduction phenomenon than the earlier researchers. Matheson writes that On balance, Mack does present as fair-minded an account as has been encountered to date, at least as these abduction narratives go. (Matheson, 251) Furthermore, Mack notes when alternative interpretations are viable; throughoutAbduction, his first book on the subject, he allows and even considers likely that alien abductions are a new type of visionary experience.

The 1980s brought a major degree of mainstream attention to the subject. Works by Budd Hopkins,Whitley StrieberDavid M. JacobsandJohn E. Mackpresented alien abduction as a genuine phenomenon. (Schnabel 1994)

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A 1958 letter toNICAPasserted that two U.S. Army soldiers witnessed two bright red lights near their base. The soldiers had a strange sense of dissociation, and found themselves in a new location, with no memory of how they arrived there.

The 1951 case ofFred Reagan, which was publicized by

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The UFOcontacteesof the 1950s claimed to have contacted aliens, and the substance of contactee narratives are often regarded as quite different from alien abduction accounts.

WriterC. D. B. Bryanattended the conference, initially intending to gather information for a short humorous article forThe New Yorker. While attending the conference, however, Bryans view of the subject changed, and he wrote a serious, open-minded book on the phenomenon, additionally interviewing many abductees, skeptics, and proponents.

the abductions are strictly linked with military genetic experiments conducted by alien beings operating together with various terrestrial army forces;

, American writerCharles Fortspeculated that extraterrestrial beings might have kidnapped humans: One supposes that if extra-mundane vessels have sometimes come close to this earth, then sailing away, terrestrial aëronauts may have occasionally left this earth, or may have been seized and carried away from this earth.

therefore these abductions are only a part of a wider conspiracy.

The beings that later became widely known as theGreysappeared (who also went on to become the most common type of extraterrestrial in abduction reports).

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There was at least one case of attempted abduction reported in conjunction with themystery airshipsof the late 19th century. Colonel H. G. Shaws account was published in theStockton, California

declared that twocontactees, (Karl Hunrath and Wilbur Wilkinson) had disappeared under mysterious circumstances; Wilkins reported speculation that the duo were the victims of alleged abduction by flying saucers.

Rogerson, Peter (June 1993).Fairylands Hunters: Notes Towards a Revisionist History of Abductions. Part One.

Undoubtedly, the Barney and Betty Hill case is one of, if not the most famous case of purported abduction ever. Barney and Betty were driving home on a road free from other cars late one night. They both saw an odd light coming at them from above. They then blacked out and found themselves back on the road, driving. The only thing odd was it was two hours later than when they had seen the light. They both went to psychologists and hypnotists. They learned of the Grey on board the ship that had abducted them. SeeBarney and Betty Hillfor more depth.

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Widespread publicity was generated byBetty and Barney Hill abductioncase of 1961 (again not widely known until several years afterwards), culminating in a made-for-television film broadcast in 1975 (starringJames Earl JonesandEstelle Parsons) dramatizing the events. The Hill incident was probably the prototypical abduction case, and was perhaps the first where:

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Colvin, Terry W. (2004-03-18). Bruce-Knapp, Errol, ed.UFOs And Fairies/Legends/Supernatural – Pt. II. UFO UpDates

Furthermore, Jacobs and Hopkins argued that there was an elaborate scheme underway, that the aliens were attempting a program to create humanalienhybrids, though the motives for this scheme were unknown. There were anecdotal reports ofphantom pregnancyrelated to UFO encounters at least as early as the 1960s, butBudd Hopkinsand especiallyDavid M. Jacobswere instrumental in popularizing the idea of widespread, systematic interbreeding efforts on the part of the alien intruders. Despite the relative paucity of corroborative evidence, Jacobs presents this scenario as not only plausible, but self-evident. Hopkins and Jacobs have also been criticized for selective citation of abductee interviews, favoring those that support their hypothesis of extraterrestrial intervention.

A Culture of Conspiracy: Apocalyptic Visions in Contemporary America

in 1897: Shaw claimed that he and a friend were harassed by three tall, slender humanoids whose bodies were covered with a fine, downy hair. The beings tried to accost or kidnap Shaw and his friend, who were able to fight them off.

In 1999, Icke wrote and publishedThe Biggest Secret: The Book that Will Change the World, in which he suggested thatEarthis a zoo prison created by alien beings and identified the extraterrestrial prison warders asreptiliansfrom theconstellation Draco.10They walk erect and appear to be human, living not only on the planets they come from, but also in caverns and tunnels under the earth. They have cross-bred with humans, which has created hybrids who are possessed by the full-blooded reptilians.11The reptiles hybrid reptilian-human DNA allows them to change from reptilian to human form if they consume human blood. Icke has drawn parallels with the 1980s science-fiction seriesV, in which the earth is taken over by reptiloid aliens disguised as humans.

The beings explicitly identified an extraterrestrial origin (the starZeta Reticuliwas later suspected as their point of origin).

The involvement of Jacobs and Mack marked something of asea changein the abduction studies. Their efforts were controversial (both men saw some degree of damage to their professional reputations), but to other observers, Jacobs and Mack brought a degree of respectability to the subject.

Allegedly genuine stories of kidnap by extraterrestrials goes back at least to the mid-1950s, with theAntonio Vilas Boascase (which didnt receive much attention until they have several years later).7

describes assertions or claims that people have experiencedalien abduction. Such claims came to international prominence in the 1950s and 1960s, but some researchers argue abduction narratives can be traced to decades earlier. Such abduction stories have been studied by investigators who believe the accounts describe actual, literal interaction with non-human or extraterrestrial entities. Others have investigated alien abduction claims from a more skeptical perspective, arguing they can be best understood as expressions offolkloreor various psychological phenomena.

Also of note in the 1980s was the publication of folklorist Dr. Thomas E. Bullards comparative analysis of nearly 300 alleged abductees. The mid and late 1980s saw the involvement of two esteemed academic figures: Harvard psychiatrist John E. Mack and historian David M. Jacobs.

in the late 1960s based on news clippings from 1952. Reagan claimed to have been piloting his small airplane, which was struck by a UFO; the occupants (who resembled metallic stalks of asparagus) apologised, and tried to cure Reagans cancer. Reagan reportedly died of a brain disorder not long after the alleged UFO encounter.

The so-calledShaver Mysteryof the 1940s has some similarities to later abduction accounts, as well, with sinister beings said to be kidnapping and torturing people. Rogerson writes that John Robinson (a friend of ufology gadflyJim Moseley) made a 1957 appearance onJohn Nebels popular overnight radio program to tell a dramatically spooky, if not very plausible, abduction tale related to the Shaver Mystery: Robinson claimed that a friend of his had been held captive by the evil Deros beneath the Earth, and to have been the victim of a sort ofmind controlvia small earphones; Rogerson writes that in this unlikely tale that we first encounter theimplants… and other abductionist staples.

Rogerson writes that the 1955 publication of Harold T. Wilkinss

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However, Rogerson contends that it is often difficult to determine the division between contactees and abductees, with classification sometimes seeming arbitrary.

With Hopkins, Jacobs and Mack, several shifts occurred in the nature of the abduction narratives. There had been earlier abduction reports (the Hills being the best known), but they were believed to be few and far between, and saw rather little attention fromufology(and even less attention from mainstream professionals or academics). Jacobs and Hopkins argued that alien abduction was far more common than earlier suspected; they estimate that tens of thousands (or more) North Americans had been taken by unexplained beings. (Schnabel 1994)

While alien abduction did not achieve widespread attention until the 1960s, there were many similar stories circulating decades earlier. These early abduction-like accounts have been dubbed paleo-abductions by UFO researcherJerome Clark.3This same two-part article (4and3) makes note of many paleo-abductions, some of which were reported well before the 1957Antonio Vilas Boascase earned much attention, or even beforethe UFO reportclaimed in 1947 by pilotKenneth Arnoldthat first generated widespread interest in UFOs:

Budd Hopkins a painter and sculptor by profession had been interested in UFOs for some years. In the 1970s he became interested in abduction reports, and began usinghypnosisto extract details of dimly remembered events. Hopkins soon became a figurehead of the growing abductee subculture. (Schnabel 1994)

Matheson notes that unlike earlier abduction researchers, Mack is generally quite cautious in his interpretations of physical evidence and corroborative testimony. He places little value in the scars and scratches often attributed to alien medical exams, and argues that trying to prove the actuality of alleged implants placed in abductees is largely a futile effort.

cufos.org. Archived fromthe originalon 2007-07-17

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According to David Icke the Global Elite controls the world using what he calls a pyramid of manipulation consisting of sets of hierarchical structures involving banking, business, the military, education, the media, religion, drug companies, intelligence agencies, and organised crime. At the very top of the pyramid are what Icke calls the Prison Warders, who are not human.9He writes that: A pyramidal structure of human beings has been created under the influence and design of the extraterrestrial Prison Warders and their overall master, the Luciferic Consciousness. They control the human clique at the top of the pyramid, which I have dubbed the Global Elite.9

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Dr.R. Leo Sprinkle(aUniversity of Wyomingpsychologist) became interested in the abduction phenomenon in the 1960s. For some years, he was probably the only academic figure devoting any time to studying or researching abduction accounts. Sprinkle became convinced of the phenomenons actuality, and was perhaps the first to suggest a link between abductions andcattle mutilation. Eventually Sprinkle came to believe that he had been abducted by aliens in his youth; he was forced from his job in 1989. (Bryan, 145fn)

In June 1992, Mack and physicistDavid E. Pritchardorganized a five-day conference atMITto discuss and debate the abduction phenomenon.8The conference attracted a wide range of professionals, representing a variety of perspectives. (In response to this conference, Mack and Jacobs were awarded anIg Nobel Prizein 1993.)

Colvin, Terry W. (2004-03-18). Bruce-Knapp, Errol, ed.UFOs And Fairies/Legends/Supernatural – Pt. I. UFO UpDates

David Ickeis a British writer who proposed these two hypothesis about the alien abduction phenomena:

, Comparative Studies in Religion and Society, University of California Press, 2003, p. 105.

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Mack argued that the abduction phenomenon might be the beginning of a majorparadigm shiftin humanconsciousness, or a kind of fourth blow to our collective egoism, following those ofCopernicusDarwinandFreud. (Bryan, 270) Mack also noted that, after an initial period of terror and confusion (a phase he dubbed), many abductees ultimately regard their experiences more positively, saying that their experiences broadened their consciousness.

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