What was it like to live in an ancient Greek family?

These girls are playing a game of knucklebones. This was a bit like jacks or fivestones, but played with the ankle-bones of goats or sheep.

Many people walked around barefoot. Some wore leather sandals or, for horse-riding, high boots. Both men and women wore wide-brimmed hats in hot weather, to shade their faces from the sun.

Greek cities had beautiful temples with stone columns and statues, and open-air theatres where people sat to watch plays.

Most common people wore fairly plain clothes. Only wealthy people could afford to dye their clothes different colours.

Men and women usually ate separately in ancient Greece. Rich people always ate at home – only slaves and poor people would eat in public. Everyone ate with their fingers, so food was cut up in the kitchen first.

This water jar from around 500BC shows a fountain-house. Women came here to fill jars with water to carry home on their heads.

Who were the ancient Greek gods and heroes?

At night, Greeks slept on beds stuffed with wool, feathers or dry grass. Most people went to bed as soon as it got dark. The only light came from flickering oil lamps and candles.

Most people lived in villages or in the countryside. Many Greeks were poor and life was hard, because farmland, water and timber for building were scarce. Thats why many Greeks sailed off to find new lands to settle.

Young men wore short tunics, while older men preferred long ones. Slaves often wore just a strip of cloth called a loincloth.

Many homes didnt have a bathroom. There were public baths, but most people washed using a small bucket or in a nearby stream. Only rich women (with slaves to carry the water) enjoyed baths at home. Afterwards they rubbed their bodies with perfumed oil to keep their skin soft.

Ancient Greece had a warm, dry climate, as Greece does today. Most people lived by farming, fishing and trade. Others were soldiers, scholars, scientists and artists.

Find more learner guides about the Ancient Greeks

This content uses functionality that is not supported by your current browser. Consider upgrading your browser.

This jar shows people harvesting olives. The olive is a very valuable tree in Greece. People ate the fruit, but also crushed olives to make olive oil. They used this for cooking, in oil lamps and cosmetics.

Children also kept animals. There are pictures of children with pets, like dogs, geese and chickens.

Ancient Greek homes were built around a courtyard or garden. The walls were often made from wood and mud bricks. They had small windows with no glass, but wooden shutters to keep out the hot sun.

For dinner, people ate porridge made from barley, with cheese, fish, vegetables, eggs and fruit. For pudding people ate nuts, figs and cakes sweetened with honey.

A Greek woman wore a long tunic called a chiton. This was made from a piece of cotton or linen. Over this, she wore a cloak draped from her shoulders, called a himation. This would be a thin material in summer and a thick one in winter.

They didnt have much furniture inside. People sat on wooden chairs or stools. Rich people decorated the walls and floors with colourful tiles and paintings.

We know about some Greek toys from pictures on pottery vases and artefacts found by archaeologists.

So what was on the menu in ancient Greece? For breakfast, Greeks might eat fruit with bread dipped in wine. Lunch might be bread and cheese.

Only rich people ate a lot of meat. They would eat hares, deer and wild boar killed by hunters. Octopus was a favourite seafood.

More Key Stage 2 History guides and clips

Suntans werent cool in ancient Greece, so women put white lead on their face to make their skin pale. White lead is poisonous, so it did more harm than good.

Click on the family below to find out a bit about their life

They also played with balls made from tied-up rags or a blown-up pigs bladder. A game of flicking nuts into a hole or circle may be the ancient Greek version of marbles or tiddlywinks!

Children played with small pottery figures, and dolls made of rags, wood, wax or clay – some of these dolls even had moveable arms and legs. Other toys were rattles, hoops, yo-yos and hobby horses (a pretend horse made from a stick).

We know the Greeks liked jewellery too, because bracelets, earrings and necklaces are often buried with dead people in their tombs.

Find more great guides and clips on Bitesize Highlights

Leave a Reply